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The first written reference to Piestany spa was made in a deed of gift of the Zobor monastery which refers to the settlement of Piestany under the name of Pescan. The first spa buildings and facilities were primitive and uncomfortable wooden huts. Smaller and larger pools or simple holes were dug out for bathing.

The first in-depth source of information about the spa is mentioned in the work of the Royal Counselor Juraj Wernher Report Concern ing Miraculous Waters of Hungary (De admirandis Hungariae aquis hypomnemation) from the year 1549, published in Basel.

It takes notice not only of the origin and properties of the waters but also of their curative uses. The description of the primitive therapeutic methods in dug out holes filled with warm sulfuric water along with the successes achieved at treating certain disorders it provides is invaluable. The “thermae” of Piestany are described as one of those with the best curative effects in the entire Hungarian Empire.

In the 16th century people started building more permanent structures for the more privileged groups, and they also continued treatment in the primitive pits. In 1571, Johan Crato de Cratheim – the personal physician of three emperors (Ferdinand I, Maximilian II, and Rudolph II) – in his publication Praxis nobilis recommends treatment with the Piestany mud to a certain Hungarian aristocrat. It was already back in those days that he determined ischial pains to be one of indications of the treatment in Piestany – which has remained up to this day – and he recommended treatment of about one month.

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